Hibernate Many-To-One Mapping

Actually Many To One is the reverse of the One To Many(USER has many Vehicles means one user related to the many vehicles in reverse we can say that many vehicles related to the one user i.e. Many To One relationship mapping).

Many-to-One Relationships:

A many-to-one relationship is where one entity contains values that refer to another entity (a column or set of columns) that has unique values. In relational databases, these many-to-one relationships are often enforced by foreign key/primary key relationships, and the relationships typically are between fact and dimension tables and between levels in a hierarchy.


In this example multiple vehicles (BMW Car, AUDI Car, Maruti Car and Mahindra etc.) are linked to the same User (whose primary key is 1).

Class diagram for that is given below.

According to the relationship many vehicles can have the same owner.

To create this relationship you need to have a USER and VEHICLE table. The relational model is shown below.


For that we will use the following annotation.
@ManyToOne :

Fields (including property get methods)
Defines a single-valued association to another entity class that has many-to-one multiplicity. It is not normally necessary to specify the target entity explicitly since it can usually be inferred from the type of the object being referenced. If the relationship is bidirectional, the non-owning OneToMany entity side must used the mappedBy element to specify the relationship field or property of the entity that is the owner of the relationship. 
 The ManyToOne annotation may be used within an embeddable class to specify a relationship from the embeddable class to an entity class. If the relationship is bidirectional, the non-owning OneToMany entity side must use the mappedBy element of the OneToMany annotation to specify the relationship field or property of the embeddable field or property on the owning side of the relationship. The dot (“.”) notation syntax must be used in the mappedBy element to indicate the relationship attribute within the embedded attribute. The value of each identifier used with the dot notation is the name of the respective embedded field or property.

public class Vehicle

private int vehicleId;

private String vehicleName;

@JoinColumn(name =”USER_ID”)

private UserDetails user;

public UserDetails getUser() {
return user;
public void setUser(UserDetails user) {
this.user = user;
public int getVehicleId() {
return vehicleId;
public void setVehicleId(int vehicleId) {
this.vehicleId = vehicleId;
public String getVehicleName() {
return vehicleName;
public void setVehicleName(String vehicleName) {
this.vehicleName = vehicleName;

The many-to-one element is used to create the many-to-one relationship between the Vehicle and UserDetail entities. The cascade option is used to cascade the required operations to the associated entity. If the cascade option is set to all then all the operations will be cascaded. For instance when you save a Vehicle object, the associated UserDetail object will also be saved automatically. 

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