JSF : What is Java Server Faces (JSF)

A complete web application requires a web framework to generate HTML pages, receive user input, and manage the navigation flow. The consensus among most web developers is that a Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture is the best for web frameworks. In an MVC framework, the controller takes user input and decides which view to show next; The view renders the HTML page for the browser; The model encapsulates data captured from the web form and to be displayed on the web page.


Shield developers from the messy HTML / JavaScript / CSS details

Enterprise Java developers have long embraced ORM solutions, which automatically generate relational database access code from the data model component in the application. JSF is the “ORM solution for the web layer”. It automatically generates HTML / JavaScript / CSS code from well formed UI components.

A JSF application primarily contains two types of components — both are easy to use and conforming to the POJO philosophy.

  • A JSF page is composed of XML tags. Each tag element corresponds to a UI component in JSF. As a web developer, you do not need to deal with the HTML markup or JavaScript details, as they are all generated from the JSF component tags. Since each UI component is self-contained and has well-defined behavior (i.e., it understand how to render itself and how to handle its data), JSF provides a very POJO-like experience for developing web UI.

  • Dynamic data on JSF pages and forms are modeled in POJOs known as JSF backing beans. The backing bean lifecycle is managed by the JSF server. For instance, a backing bean can have a session scope to track a user session. A backing bean can be dependency injected into another bean via an XML configuration file, and it can be injected into a JSF UI component via the JSF Expression Language (EL). The backing bean also provides the integration points between the web UI and the EJB3 business components.

The componentized UI and POJO data model make it easy to support JSF in IDE tools. In fact, many Java IDEs now support drag-and-drop UI designers for JSF. The JSF component model also allows third party vendors to develop and sell reusable UI component libraries. Those component libraries make it easy for server-side developers to take advantage of the latest browser technology without the need to mess with JavaScripts and such.

The JSF request model is powerful and easy to extend. Technologies like Facelets and Seam have been developed on top of JSF, providing even richer development environments. While competing frameworks all have nice features, JSF seems to be the easiest to extend. We expect even more innovative extensions in the near future, clearly making JSF the framework of choice for most EE projects.

As being a MVC (Model-View-Controller) framework, JSF provides the FacesServlet as the sole request-response Controller. It takes all the standard and tedious HTTP request/response work from your hands, such as gathering user input, validating/converting them, putting them in model objects, invoking actions and rendering the response. This way you end up with basically a JSP or Facelets (XHTML) page for View and a Javabean class as Model. The JSF components are been used to bind the view with the model (such as your ASP.NET web control does) and the FacesServlet uses the JSF component tree to do all the work.

JSF is a component based MVC framework which is built on top of the Servlet API and providescomponents in flavor of taglibs which can be used in JSP or any other Java based view technology such as Facelets.

There are many web frameworks available. JavaServer Faces (JSF), is the standard Java EE web framework . You will find it similar/alternative if you might be knowing about any of these below web frame work:
WebWork (Struts Action2)
Shale (Struts-JSF)
Open Laszlo


Botton line : JSF is the “ORM solution for the web layer ie Java based web UI framework.”

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