Spring: Observer design pattern implementation with event listener

Quick code example to demo observer design pattern in sprint by using custom application event.

Here is the content of CustomEvent.java file


import org.springframework.context.ApplicationEvent;

public class CustomEvent extends ApplicationEvent{
   public CustomEvent(Object source) {
      super(source);
   }
   public String toString(){
      return "My Custom Event";
   }
}

Following is the content of the CustomEventPublisher.java file


import org.springframework.context.ApplicationEventPublisher;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationEventPublisherAware;

public class CustomEventPublisher implements ApplicationEventPublisherAware {
   private ApplicationEventPublisher publisher;
   
   public void setApplicationEventPublisher (ApplicationEventPublisher publisher) {
      this.publisher = publisher;
   }
   public void publish() {
      CustomEvent ce = new CustomEvent(this);
      publisher.publishEvent(ce);
   }
}

Following is the content of the CustomEventHandler.java file


import org.springframework.context.ApplicationListener;

public class CustomEventHandler implements ApplicationListener<CustomEvent> {
   public void onApplicationEvent(CustomEvent event) {
      System.out.println(event.toString());
   }
}

Following is the content of the MainApp.java file


import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class MainApp {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      ConfigurableApplicationContext context = 
         new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("Beans.xml");
	  
      CustomEventPublisher cvp = 
         (CustomEventPublisher) context.getBean("customEventPublisher");
      
      cvp.publish();  
      cvp.publish();
   }
}

Following is the configuration file Beans.xml

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>

<beans xmlns = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd">

   <bean id = "customEventHandler" class = "com.tutorialspoint.CustomEventHandler"/>
   <bean id = "customEventPublisher" class = "com.tutorialspoint.CustomEventPublisher"/>

</beans>

Once you are done creating the source and bean configuration files, let us run the application. If everything is fine with your application, it will print the following message −

y Custom Event
y Custom Event
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